Grand Canyon located 247 miles north of Phoenix Arizona, and is about 270 miles east from Las Vegas Nevada. Created by the Colorado River cutting through layer after layer of sediment for nearly two billion years Grand Canyon is about 277 miles (446 km) long, ranges in width from 0.25 to 18 miles (0.5 to 29 km), and has depth of more than a mile (1,600 m). It covers territory of 1,904 square miles and is truly considered to be one of the world's wonders.
South Rim of Grand Canyon is part of the Coconino Plateau and the North Rim is the Kaibab Plateau. The North Rim is 1200 feet higher than the South Rim and has much higher precipitation levels, lower temperatures and different vegetation. The distance by road between the South Rim and the North Rim is 215 miles because there's no bridge or pass that connects both rims. South Rim is the most visited and North Rim is closed in the winter.
Grand Canyon attracts more than 5 million tourists each year. Most stay on the rims or fly over on airplanes, or take helicopter tours.
Some hike or take a mule ride down the canyon, and some canoe down the Colorado River. There's a small hotel named "Phantom Ranch" located on the bottom of the canyon near the river.
The hike down the Canyon takes the whole day and is physically challenging. The temperature inside the rim reaches over 105 degrees Fahrenheit (40°C) in the summer and it can be extremely dangerous for an unprepared visitor. Many people have died from falling or heat exhaustion and hundreds are rescued each year from the bottom of Grand Canyon.
Grand Canyon National Park offers excellent lodging, bed and breakfasts, hotels and resorts, cabins, vacation rentals and more. There's also restaurants, souvenir shops, art galleries, a railroad, and other services in the Grand Canyon area.
The trails along The Rim are well maintained and safe for the most part. Overlooks and sightseeing areas are plentiful and provide for wonderful views. Sunset at the Grand Canyon is the most popular time among visitors, and full moon is very special. Occasionally you can spot members of wildlife community, like deer family or eagles.
Grand Canyon is beautiful, full of life and vitality as ever, promising unforgettable experience for everyone who visits it. Be safe and please be gentle with canyon's natural features.